For the first time
it was mentioned under the name of the Sand Tower. At the beginning
of the 14 century the tower was a main part of Sand Gate fortification
system, consisting of 25 towers. It stood on the Sand Road that
led to the town.
From the 17th century the Powder
Tower served as a gunpowder warehouse. So it gained the name
"Pulvertornis" meaning Powder Tower in English.
It had to stand main attacks of Swedish troops in 1625 and
was restored only in 25 years. The war with Russia left its
traces too. 9 cannon balls embedded in its thick three meters
Today in the Powder Tower the Latvian
War Museum is located. The museum was founded in 1916 as the
Latvian Riflemen's Museum. In 1937-1939 a new museum extension
was added to the Powder Tower. The museum was closed by Soviet
authorities in 1940 and reopened in 1990.
The museum houses the permanent exhibitions
"Latvian Soldiers During World War I 1914-1918",
"Proclamation of the Latvian State and Liberation Battles
1918-1920", "The Latvian Army and Navy 1919-1940",
"Latvia and World War II" and "The Road towards
the Barricades 1945-1991".
Address: Smilshu St., 10/20